Cluj-Napoca, the multi-ethnic city.
Cluj is the living heart of Transylvania where ethnic groups live together in harmony, different cultures and traditions.
Historical capital of Transylvania, about 480 km northwest of Bucharest, the capital of Romania, Cluj is a city of culture and university center for excellence and prestige with a long tradition dating the founding of the College of Piarist, historical educational institute, which took place in the 18th century.
Cluj, is home to a multi-ethnic Romanians, Hungarian and German; result of influences and cultures that have occurred since the first century, and inspired gastronomic tastes and diverse architecture of the buildings. The styles of homes ranging from the Baroque to the Empire, maintaining Gothic elements, up to classicism. Many monumental attractions related to religion. The Church of San Michele, built in 1349, in Gothic style, is the main Catholic cathedral in Cluj, with authentic Renaissance art treasures. Then we are the Church of the Fort, the Orthodox Cathedral, Calvary Church Manastur and the Piarist, Franciscan Complex and Synagogue and neologisms. In the city there are many references to Matei Corvin, a native of Clujand king of Hungary between 1458 and 1490.
Piata Unirii is the main square of Cluj, surrounded by ancient buildings dating back to the 16th-18th century. Nearly is Palatul Banffy, building from the late Baroque, erected between 1773 and 1785, center of Art Museum which contains an important collection of Roman paintings dating back to medieval times. To know the identity of Transylvania need to visit two museums full of testimonials: of History, at Piata Muzeului, where are stored documents and exhibits that trace the history of the region, from prehistory to the modern age and through contemporary inscriptions, ceramics, glass, religious art and the Ethnographic Museum of Transylvania in a neoclassical building, providing a detailed picture of life, customs and traditions (agriculture, livestock, processing of the tissue). and ethnic groups that helped give the city its face over the centuries. Situated on a hill near the forest Hoya, the outdoor section of the Ethnographic Museum is one of the greatest attractions of the city.
Since 1929 has created a real Transylvanian village, products and equipment with local arts and crafts, including three churches built in wood only. Along the hills around the city center is the Botanical Garden, collecting more than ten thousand pieces of European and tropical plant species.
Cluj is also an important industrial center in Romania, linked in particular to the brand Ursus, The most famous Romanian beer, and Farmec, manufacturer of cosmetic products. But also a modern city, which are increasingly nightlife (Bars, restaurants, clubs) that enliven the evenings.